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tv   Journal  PBS  February 10, 2012 6:00pm-6:30pm PST

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new dw in berlin. >> desperate plea from the greek prime minister of thousands fled the capital and a host of cabinet members quit. sentencing of the coasts of the man for killing two u.s. airmen about a year ago.
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lucas papademos says greece bases and historic hour of responsibility. through an austerity deal despite political turmoil and the riots. >> agrees is at a standstill right now, in the middle of a two-day strike as trade unions say they will not accept massive cuts in spending. >> but even those cuts are not enough. eurozone finance ministers want more from athens before releasing a second bailout, a bailout needed to keep the country from growing broke next month. >> we take you live in athens in a moment, but first, the anchor on the streets. >> scuffles on the streets of athens as rioters vented their anger, following a peaceful rally by thousands of people against new austerity measures. a smaller party in greece's governing coalition has already announced it will not approve the package. >> i am not sure the prime minister has the support of everyone. i will not cause a problem,
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given the country's current situation, but i will not vote. >> in response to the cuts, unions have launched a 48-hour general strike, bringing public transport to a standstill. >> we have to resist this storm of austerity measures that the troika and the government have imposed upon us. we have to fight them and to strike against them. >> but european finance ministers say greece has to make even more cuts to secure the next round of bailout funding. they say parliament must ratify new austerity measures and parties in the coalition must vow to support the cuts. the government must undertake further structural reforms. more protests are expected in the days ahead. parliament is due to vote on the package of cuts and reforms this week and, and greece must provide a written pledge of its commitment to further reforms by next week. >> all right, let's go to our correspondent in athens. natalie, are we headed into a
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weekend of violence and unrest in greece? >> many greeks fear for the worst, but it is difficult to gauge. we saw several thousand pour into the street, angry protesters, desperate protesters, who really seem determined to oppose the government's efforts in implementing any sort of further punishing cuts, but it remains to be seen if the greeks have the will and the power to continue. we know there are more strikes tomorrow. rallies as well and on sunday. >> natalie, agrees's prime minister says the country faces on controlled chaos without the bailout deal. this is obviously an act to put pressure on someone. who was he talking to? his government or to the lenders? >> i think he is talking to everyone who is willing to hear,
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really. the greek people who have not been informed exactly on what the bankruptcy will entail for the country. we saw also a wave of resignations in his government. four ministers from the far right offered their resignations. two socialist deputy ministers as well offered their rent -- resignations. everyone really trying to convince them of what the consequences will be. >> do you expect to see this government collapse if the prime minister intends to get rid of all the ministers who are against the bailout terms? >> we are expecting a reshuffle of the cabinet on monday. the far right leader had mentioned technocrats are big now participating in the government. this could be an idea, but nothing concrete has emerged yet, so we will have to wait and see. >> as always, thank you very much.
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the german chancellor angela merkel, as we know, is a passionate defender of the euro, and she has made it clear that she wants greece to remain in the eurozone. >> of course, she needs the support of her own parliament, which will have to prove the second bailout for greece. >> today, it was about convincing the unconverted. merkel invited leaders of political parties to her office to talk euro survival. >> german politicians are closely following negotiations with grease. it was early in the morning of party members headed to the chancellor's office where angela merkel briefed them on the latest development. cross party support is key to efforts to save greece. bell of payments need approval. chancellor merkel is talking tough. she insists greece must make clear concessions. it is a line backed by her party. >> our goal is to help greece, but first, greece has to fulfil
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its conditions. without tough measures in greece, we cannot pay out the next launch, as the imf has made clear. then the opposition is worried that the eurozone is asking too much of athens. it is warning that cuts could prove too much for the greek economy to bear. >> for the past year-and-a-half, we have seen promises of spending cuts and reforms that have not been realized because the economic foundations are crumbling. that is why the demands currently on the table are unrealistic. in greece, the economy is collapsing, tax revenue is sinking, and unemployment rising. >> lawmakers are due to vote on the next three bailout package at the end of the month. >> considering everyone was thinking that the greek debt debacle could be resolved by this week, the disappointment on stock markets is no big surprise. >> the debacle goes on, and equities around the world have taken a dive.
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here's our man at frankfurt. >> investors were on the retreat. they took their money out of equities, looked for safer places to put it. among them, german bonds. financial shares especially hard hit. that was already up in the air what would happen with greece in the next week, but then, the head of the ultraright party in greece spoke, saying that he was not ready to vote for a reform package, and that put further pressure on the dax and also on the euro. people now think that a bailout package is very much in question, and there are consequences that that are just difficult to judge for the future. the dax, which looked as if it was headed for a positive for the eighth week in a row -- with these developments, in the end, looking for a minus for the week of about 1%. for the year, it is still comfortably gaining, though. >> just to rub it in, here are those sad-looking market numbers for you.
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not the best way to end a week. the german dax falling there, but still above the 6000 mark, well above. your stocks 50 down by almost -- more than 1.5%. over the wall street, the new york stock exchange, where trading is still under way, and the dow is down by 1%. the euro trading at $1.3173. turning to syria now, there has been no let up in the violence there. activists say ground troops have entered the city of homs in a bid to crush dissent. and activists say hundreds of civilians have been killed. then the violence has also spread. the government says a double bombing was the work of terrorists. opposition groups say agents of the regime were behind the assault. an assyrian state television was live on the scene in the immediate aftermath of the blast. it sent -- it said two separate
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explosions went off, killing at least 28 soldiers and civilians. state media said terrorist gangs were behind the attacks. the opposition is contesting that account. it says the assad regime carried out the bombings to distract from its crackdown on civilians. neither of these versions can be independently verified. the government has barred most foreign journalists from entering syria. but across the border in lebanon, reporters have been able to interview with refugees, who asked to remain anonymous. >> the problem in homs is that we cannot read. there is nothing to eat or drink. there is only one plentiful thing -- blood in the streets. >> the as uploaded online show the town as a ghost town after heavy government shelling. activists say hundreds of people have been killed in the assault. >> why isn't anyone helping us?
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where is the humanity in the world? where is the freaking un? why isn't anyone doing anything about it? >> so far, china and russia have blocked all united nations efforts. >> the uprisings of the arab spring or one of the biggest news events last year, and it is perhaps no surprise that the winning world press photo was taken during an anti-regime protests in the middle east. >> poignant and compassionate is how the jury describe the picture. a woman holding a wounded will relative in her arms in yemen. the vote taken in the aftermath of the japanese tsunami won the "people in the news" award. still to come, the glitz and glamour of the berlin film festival. >> that is right. first, it looked at some of the other stories making news today. the burmese opposition leader has been presented a unesco award for promoting tolerance and non-violent protests. it is the second time she has
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received the award. she's campaigning for election to parliament after years spent under house arrest. >> new footage has emerged of a protest by tibetan monks in southwestern china. the demonstrators came from a monastery and carried banners demanding the return of the dalai lama from exile and the release of political prisoners. >> another russian, spewing log on to the snow-covered slopes. it is the second irruption this year. italian authorities have closed the local airport, and flights to the area have been canceled. mount etna is the largest active volcano in europe. all right, it is the buzz right now at the berlin film festival. angelina jolie is in town to present her electoral debut, but the red carpet had to wait on friday. she first met with the german
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foreign minister to discuss her work as a united nations goodwill ambassador. saturday, she will be on hand for the premiere of her film, the bosnian wartime love story "in the land of blood and honey ." our film crew is standing by for us there on the red carpet at the berlin film festival. you have seen that film. what is your take on it? what are you hearing about it? >> first, a small correction. though it has been described as a love story, it -- i would not categorize it as that. it is much more complex, and some was quite surprising. when you have such a big star, usually when they do a film as a director, they tend to have a glamour projects. this is the exact opposite. it is a war movie about the bosnian war, in particular, the rape camps, and it is a complex story about a bosnian and serb who fall in love before the war
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and when the war breaks out are on opposing sides. as i said, quite complex, quite dark, quite surprising from such a big hollywood star. i really enjoyed the film. as i say, i was completely taken aback by it. i think it could do very well in berlin. this type of strong political- themed films tend to do well, and to be honest, i was not expecting much going in, and now, i am very excited to see what she will do next. i think this is an amazing debut from one of the world's biggest hollywood stars. >> indeed. two other new be -- movies you're telling me earlier that we're getting noticed -- one deals with 9/11. the other is a bollywood flick. tell me about this. >> they show the diversity of the films here in berlin. "extremely loud and incredibly close" is the 9/11 film. it is about 9/11 but takes a completely different approach.
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it is about a sort of got young boy and his relationship with a man who stops speaking, the actor who played him received an oscar nomination for the bill. that is probably heavy for a lot of people and maybe even too early, but very strong. the other is the complete opposite, a fun song and dance bollywood action that would definitely need after so many heavy political movies. >> all right, the red carpet there at the berlin film festival. scott, thank you very much. all right, we are going to have more on india and eu relations coming up after the break. stay tuned for that. >> also, islamist propaganda on the internet. how it led a young man in germany to go on the rampage. >> stay with us.
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>> you decide what you want to watch. all the images, all the programs, the whole package. dw on the internet. the media center on
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>> alright, welcome back, everyone. it is game over for the confessed killer originally from coastal. he says he shot dead two u.s. airmen at frankfurt airport after seeing a video apparently showing american soldiers raping muslim women. >> the judge in the case said this is the first islamic motivated terrorist strike to have happened here in germany. >> relatives of the victims were in the frankfurt court room for the sentencing. closure of a kind for loved ones of the men who died. the court sentenced him to life in prison. he will spend at least 15 years behind bars. he showed no remorse during the trial. the prosecution demanded a stiff penalty for the defendant, who
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was radicalized through the internet. >> the accused was in good mental health and committed the crime with the deep conviction that his faith not only called on him to carry it out but actually obliged him to take this action. this misguided belief came about through islamist and she hottest internet propaganda. frankfurt airport last march. police secure the scene after he opened fire on u.s. airman, killing two and wounding two others as they boarded the bus. he pulled the trigger on a fifth but then the gun jammed. prosecutors believe he was acting alone, but he has refused to reveal where he got the weapon used in the attack. his lawyers have said they will appeal the sentence. >> let's get more from our political correspondent. tell us a little bit about this man himself. >> the accused folded his arms
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and showed no emotion when the sentence was read out. that was actually typical of his conduct during the trial. he often just stared at the table in front of him and showed no remorse for what he had done. his defense counsel tried to focus on his youth, his immaturity, his lack of communication skills. he was only 21, in fact, when he committed this crime, and if he had committed it a few months earlier, he would have been tried in a juvenile court and received a very different sentence, but the judge in passing sentence refused to take those factors into consideration or accept them as in any way extenuating circumstances. >> was this the heaviest sentence the judge could impose? >> yes. murder in germany carries a life sentence with usually after 15 years the possibility of parole. but in this particular case, the judge ruled that the defendant
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was, as he put it -- had incurred severe guilt. that is a legal term that extends the time before the prisoner is eligible to apply for parole. what it means in practice is that the defendant will probably serve a sentence of about 20 years, after which, because he is not a german citizen, he could be deported to close of zero where he was born -- deported to kosovo. i think the judge was motivated by two factors. first is he was convinced that the defendant had rationally and cold-blooded replant these murders. and secondly, he intended to kill as many u.s. servicemen as he could, and the only reason he stopped firing was that his gun jammed. >> thank you for the details. a shooting in frankfurt reveals just how powerful internet propaganda can be. >> indeed. it is a weapon that islamists use for recruiting.
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>> we have this report on the extent of the islamists' internet arsenal. >> the propaganda has gone professional. slick production instead of grainy pictures or shaky camera work. this one was made by an arab production company, the propaganda arm of the al qaeda terrorist network. the company puts hundreds of videos and audio recordings online every year. >> all the production companies are based on the spot, meaning eithr in yemen or iraq. most are in pakistan. a small group of activists there are specialized in producing videos or audiotapes, which they then have others of load on to the internet. >> al qaeda's spiritual leader in yemen was one of the first to
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make use of the internet for his calls for terror attacks. he wrote blog and published his tirades on youtube, earning him a reputation of the zero set -- as the osama bin laden of the internet. he was killed by u.s. forces last september, but others are filling the void. the kuwaiti tv preacher recently called for a digital holy war be atwitter. his message went out to more than 250,000 followers. german islamist groups are even on facebook. >> i do not think you can overestimate the power of internet propaganda. in the case of germany, you can see clearly how the spread of german and turkish websites has coincided with the growth of the jihad is seen in the country. then the terrorist groups are trying harder to recruit new supporters in other countries. that is why their videos are increasingly subtitled in
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german, english, and turkish. and thanks to social networking web sites, islamist propaganda is easily spread with little more than a mouse click. germany's domestic intelligence service sees a growing danger. half of its operatives are devoted to combating islamist terror, and a growing number are monitoring internet activity. their work has already led to the arrest and conviction of several blockers operating in germany, but it is no easy task. >> the problem is that we're dealing with more and more young sympathizers who are putting up an increasing number of web sites. this is where the police and domestic security services base capacity problems. >>he airport -- the frankfurt airport gunman was a frequent visitor to ag hottest web site at left traces of his activity on the internet, like on his facebook page. but he was never in contact with
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terrorist organizations and never arouse suspicion. footage on the internet was enough to incite him to carry out the killings. >> it has been a difficult week for syrian-german ties. berlin expelled four diplomats from the syrian embassy on suspicions they are helping syria's secret police spy on people here. but today, syrian exiles living in germany made an impassioned plea for more help. >> it is usually the place where german government officials are grilled by the media. on friday, it was a form for exiled syrian opposition members to address the press and issue a desperate appeal. >> if you do not support us and do it fast, then you are also contributing to the risk that a massacre will take place in syria. it could turn into an armed conflict across the whole country, not just in a handful
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of places. >> opposition supporters are asking for humanitarian aid and tougher sanctions on syria. in spite of the violence, they are confident about the future. >> resistance will continue until the assad regime is swept from power. >> regime opponents want germany to sever diplomatic ties to syria, something berlin has not been prepared to do yet, but the foreign ministry says it is stepping up pressure on damascus. >> india is one of the world's biggest growth markets, offering huge potential for european companies. >> the eu in turn is india's biggest trade partner. reasons why the eu's top officials are in delhi hoping to seize a free-trade deal with the indian government. some sticking points remain like vises and tariffs on imports. the sides want to double their trade volume by the end of next year. >> but there are a lot of people who are worried about what that could mean for them.
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>> supermarkets are not a mainstay in india. instead, shoppers visit streets like this where this man has sold for its and vegetables here for the past 17 years. he makes about 3 euros a day. that has to feed his entire family. he worries european supermarket chains could put him out of a job. >> than we would earn less. it would put our children's future at risk. i worry that crime would rise as well as unemployment. >> many vendors share those fears. they are demonstrating against plans for a trade pact with the eu, and they have won support from german development workers. critics say opening the indian market would put nearly 6 million jobs on the line. the european union is ignoring the fact that a quarter of the indian population is still
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chronically malnourished. 40% of the population lives below the poverty line. between disparate partners, a trade conditions must also be disparate. india must be allowed to protect the majority of its market from eu products. but the european union sees things differently. the bloc wants india to drop all tariff barriers. a free-trade zone between the would cover 1.7 billion people. >> there is a huge potential economically that we must explore for the benefit of our citizens and businesses. this free-trade agreement is going to be the biggest in the world. >> india needs more foreign investment, but it cannot afford to see millions of small vendors lose their livelihoods. >> onto sports news now. bundesliga have a new coach.
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the 39 year-old replaces a coach was fired on thursday after a string of poor performances. the team had won just one of 10 at -- one of the last 10 games. >> lots of pressure to perform. that is going to wrap it up for this edition of the "journal" on dw. >> we put even more news on our website, captioned by the national captioning institute
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